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当前位置 自学考试 > 自考历年真题 > 英语写作自考历年真题 > 文章详情

2018年4月自考00603英语写作历年真题及答案

来源:考生网 时间:2022-05-14 17:31:50 编辑:考生网编辑

自考生网为考生们整理提供了“2018年4月自考00603英语写作历年真题及答案”,更多00603英语写作真题内容可点击查看00603英语写作真题及答案汇总。

注:不同省份、不同专业的自考历年真题及答案,只要课程代码和课程名称相同,都可参考使用。

2018年4月自考00603英语写作历年真题及答案

1、L Supply the missing paragraph. (20 points)
The following passage is incomplete with one paragraph missing. Study the passage
carefully and write the missing paragraph in about 100 words. Make sure that your
tone and diction are in unity with the passage provided.
Happiness
What makes a person happy? If people want to be happy, should they seek money and
professional success? Many experts are trying to find out the obstacles to happiness and the
ways to overcome them. The strategies they have offered are simple yet ffective: to be true to
oneself, avoid comparison with others financially, and welcome laws and rules that increase
the general happiness of the population.
One of the chief obstacles to happiness is being untrue to one's real desire. Researchers
have found that people who follow their authentic desires generally report being happier than
those who do not. At its core, authenticity implies discovering and pursuing what people care
about most. Take Linda's choice of career as an example. She found herself caught in the
middle between her own dream of being a navigator and following her parents' advice of
becoming a teacher. Her compromise to family expectations and social traditions has caused
her lifelong regret. Therefore, people need to be true to themselves to increase the sense of
personal happiness.
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
Finally, people often beneft from some laws and social rules, which may even cost
money, like paying taxes. People need to realize that some taxes can make the public happier,
because they improve the overall quality of life. In one study of cigarette taxes, researchers
conclude that“taxes may afect the happiness of former smokers (by making it easier to resist
the temptation to resume smoking) or would-be smokers (by making it easier to never start
smoking)." This example demonstrates how social rules can lead to the general happiness of
its population, even through the apparently negative practice of increased taxation. Taxes also
contribute to the funds available for other social purposes. This further proves the need for
taxation.
These are merely three ways that scholars of happiness studies have recommended to
help enhance personal happiness. People should seek to live as their authentic selves in their
personal and professional lives. They should avoid social comparison and live within their
means. Furthermore, they should welcome any practice that increases the general happiness of
the population. Everyone says they want to be happy, and happiness studies may help people
learm how to lead happier lives rather than to passively expect happiness to find them.

查看答案   模拟考场

2、II. Write an outine. (20 points)
Read the following passage carefully and compose a“sentence outline" for it
Smart Ravens
A flock of ravens ravaging a dead body may technically be called an unkindness. People
hate them, but ravens are not trrifyig. Do they have sharp, curved beaks (鸟喙) that they
use to tear dead animals to pieces? Yes. Are their calls close to a hrrifying and mysterious
laugh? Most definitely. But that doesn't make them evil. Rather, they are masterminds, good
at making awesome plans for the future.
The latest findings of ravens come from two Swedish scientists who literally put ravens to
test. Up until now, we know that ravens have some ability to plan ahead for their own food
needs because they hide food to dig up later. Then again, squirels store food in the ground for
later and they're, well, not the smartest. They forget about 75 percent of their nuts,
accidentally planting millions of trees in the process. And if "stupid” squirrels can be
biologically programmed to store food for later, maybe ravens aren't as smart as we thought.
Except obviously they are.
Ravens, as it turns out, will often choose to give up a tasty nut now in favor of getting a
better treat later. Faced with a piece of food and a tool that they know can open a box
containing more delicious food, they will generally choose the tool- even if they don't have
the box yet. They've learmned that when researchers present them with the box in 15 minutes'
time, they can use that tool to unlock their prize. That's great vision right there. Even small
children often choose to eat one ice cream immediately rather than wait a few minutes for
more.
This shouldn't come as such a shock. Ravens also steal from each other by watching
competitors hide food, noting the location, and returning later to dig it up. And because they
get stolen from, some ravens will actually pretend to hide food to mislead thieves. What's
more, they can tell other ravens where to find a juicy, rotting animal body and team up to
scare off their competitors. That abiliy--to communicate information about a distant location
- is shared only by ants, bees and humans. Besides deceiving one another to keep a food
source a secret, they can also take advantage of other animals. For example, they would call
wolves over to a dead body that hasn't broken down enough yet so that the wolves can rip it
apart, leaving more convenient scraps for the ravens to cat.
If all that doesn't make you love and embrace our raven lords, nothing will. These birds
are geniuses in their own right- -so what if their look is a litle weird? Their itelligence isn't
to be feared; it's to be revered.

查看答案   模拟考场

3、III. Compose an essay. (60 points)
Tourists are advised to follow the saying "When in Rome, do as the Romans do" while
traveling abroad. What will you do to become a welcome tourist if you go abroad? Write a
300-word expository essay expressing your opinion.

查看答案   模拟考场

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