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00838语言与文化自考复习资料(15)

来源:自考生网 时间:2021-04-07 14:00:06 编辑:等流心

自考生网为考生收集整理了“00838语言与文化自考复习资料(15)“以供考生们在考试前用复习资料巩固所学到的知识,得到更好地复习效果。

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点此查看:00838语言与文化自考资料及试题

3. Words and associative meaning

3.1 Words and connotative meaning

book: C: contain knowledge and wisdom for people, youth must learn

E: it express ideas for people to consider, to agree or disagree, and to comment

Sexy: C: connotes loose sex morality

E: it is a positive human quality

Old, young: C: young means inexperienced, and inconsistent. Old means mature, skilled and experienced.

E: young means flexible, vigorous, and creative. Old means traditional, senile, and useless.

Dog: C: is very pejorative.

E: it can even be considered as a family member.

Peasant: C: doesn’t have derogatory connotations.

E: it has derogatory

Landlord, capitalist, boss:  C: are pejorative in Chinese

E: not

Comrade: C: connotes warmth, friendliness and equality

E: means spies of the Soviet Union

Ambitious, aggressive: C: it is pejorative

E: it is considered good qualities and both positive in meaning.

Self-made man: C:

 

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